# The Octavepus Project

## Tom Davis & Ellyn Bush

Last updated: August 20, 2002

Made it! The octavepus was successfully completed, and appeared at Burning Man. To see photos of it in action, take a look at my Burning Man web page. Click on any thumbnail image to see a bigger version.

### Tom and Ellyn

Our original plan (there we are on the right) was to make a model of an octopus that was attacking the van for Burning Man. We were going to decorate it with glow wire (available from Cool Neon) and to have different banks of wires light up in patterns driven by a sequencer.

But the canned sequencers are brain-dead, so I decided to build a little circuit with a microcontroller that could light banks in an interesting sequence.

I can just write words to the 8-bit parallel port, so eight banks seemed like the right way to go. But one thing led to another and my wife Ellyn suggested that since there are eight banks and eight notes in an octave, we should make it so that the banks of lights can also be controlled by a keyboard. We plunged ahead with this and got too far along to back out by the time I realized that there are only 7 notes (or 12, if you count the "black notes") in an octave.

Anyway, the plan is this: We'll make the body of papier mâchè, paint it, and then attach glow wire all over the body in eight banks of color in a nice pattern. A microcontroller will cycle through patterns to amaze and amuse viewers.

And, there will also be a keyboard where the keys will not only play a tune, but each key will illuminate a bank of lights. Chords will light chords of banks of lights. If somebody is playing the keyboard, that will control the octavepus. If no keys are pressed for a while, the microcontroller will take over and begin again to run through interesting patterns.

### Simulation

Here is a simulation of the glow-wire banks on the body of the octavepus. Each color in the illustration corresponds to a bank. There is no need to have all the parts of a bank use the same physical color of glow wire, although they probably will. Any combination of those banks can be turned on and off. Click on the image to the left if you want to really see what's going on.

If you have a fast network connection, this mpeg movie will show you the sort of thing you can see on the running simulator. The size of the movie is about a million bytes.

### Microcontroller

Here's the microcontroller I'll be using to flash colors on the body of the octavepus.

### Glow Wire and Drivers

Here is the glow wire that will eventually decorate the octavepus. It just came out of the package.

### Modified Keyboard

Here's the Radio Shack keyboard after I hacked in (literally) a set of my own switches to read the key up/key down information.

Of course with the addition of a keyboard, things got complicated. At first I thought I could just read the MIDI signals it puts out, but either I'm too stupid to figure out how to do it or something is screwed up in the microcontroller's RS232 circuit. I spent nearly 3 full days messing with this and finally gave up.

I purchased the cheapest Radio Shack keyboard, opened it up, and installed microswitches under the white keys. Then I can sense the up/down-ness of the keys and I don't have to mess with the circuit inside the keyboard, which continues to work exactly as it did before, making sounds and everything.

And the guy at Radio Shack wondered why I didn't purchase the extended warranty...

But now I needed some logic to OR the outputs from the keyboard with the outputs of the microcontroller, and some other logic to OR together all the keyboard outputs to provide a signal that the microcontroller can sense to notice that somebody is noodling away on the keyboard and that it should stop sending out its own crap to the parallel port.

### Van with "Skeleton"

Here I am, driving my van with the octavepus skeleton attached to the front. Actually it's missing one arm, and we don't have the head built yet. It needs to be covered with papier mâchè and then glow lights.

### Papier mâchè

Here we're putting papier mâchè on the arms and body. We wound the wire with adding machine tape so the paper would have something to attach to, and this worked well. You can see Ellyn working on one of the arms, the finished product hanging from the garage ceiling, and finally, the complete collection of arms and body.

### Drying the Papier mâchè

In fact, the van has multiple uses. Here it is being used as a drying platform for the still-wet tentacles.

### Almost Finished Circuit

I finally wired together most of the computer stuff. It seems to work, at least when I feed it simple test cases. There wasn't even any smoke! On the left are eight heavy-duty drivers. On the bottom right is the "Rabbit" microcontroller, and above it is a prototyping board with the logic to decide whether the octavepus should "listen" to the computer or to the music keyboard.

### Final Circuit

Here's everything, including the keyboard, wired together and tested. On the left is a close-up of the main part of the circuit; on the right is an image that shows the keyboard, glow wire coils, and the connection to the main circuit. If you look closely at the image on the right, you'll see that the whole mess is powered by a group of 8 AA cells. I figure they might drive it for a half hour. We'll probably need a car battery or something like that to run the octavepus for hours and hours at Burning Man.

As of August 6, I've got the program in the microcontroller working perfectly. I even invented a language to describe sequences of notes, so any idiot can program it. See the section below.

### Octavepus Painting

Here is the head and tentacles having received their first layer of paint. On the left Ellyn is beginning to paint the eyes.

### Tentacle Sucker Stencil

We decided to put suckers on the tentacles, but were too lazy to shape and glue the approximately 1000 suckers that would be required. So I wrote a little PostScript program that generated pages with two rows of circles of decreasing size. Then we glued those together, mounted them to a slightly stiffer piece of paper, and cut out all the holes with scissors and exacto knives. Now, with a can of spraypaint and this six-foot stencil, we can paint on all the suckers at once for each tentacle.

I needed to make 32 equally-spaced rows of wires on the head, so I first strung pieces of string for 16 equally-spaced lines as shown in the image on the left. I measured the distances for holes and drilled them for the 16, and it was easy to interpolate to get the other set of holes. Then it took basically forever to thread all the glow wire through all the holes to get the finished head, shown on the right. I still need to do two rows on the body (to which the head attaches), but that should be pretty quick.

The image on the left shows what the head plus body will look like. Two rows of wires need to be attached on the body below the head. The bottom nine inches of the body are where the tentacles will hook on. On the right (for those who like to see the gory details) is a view inside the head.

### Trephination

Here I am, drilling holes in my head. Well, my octavepus head.

### Wiring Harness

Here is a shot inside the head showing the more or less final wiring harness. It's actually a total rat's nest. We needed to run four signals to each tentacle (eight wires each), eight pairs to the top of the head, and four pairs to the body. All the tentacles need to be removable, and the top removable from the bottom for transport, so there are connectors at the end of every pair of wires. I was totally amazed when this thing worked the first time!

### Disaster! (Almost)

I put everything together, and even wired on all the glow wire for the tentacles (four strands of five feet on each tentacle) and hooked the whole thing up for a test. Well, things ran OK for a while, and then glow banks stopped working. It turns out that the extra wire approximately doubled the load on the high-power drivers, and although each one of the eight on the single IC is capable of carrying that load, when all eight are running, it overheats. In fact, it overheated to the point where the plastic on the proto-board melted!

So, back to the drawing board. I tried doing the equivalent with some high power transistors, but I'm too stupid, and think maybe FETs would be the way to go, but I had a couple of relays lying around, and I knew I could make them work. So I did, although the layout was now a lot bigger and required a larger proto-board.

On the left is the almost finished circuit, complete with the "lawn tractor" battery that'll be used at Burning Man. On the right is a close-up of the new circuit with the relays and rat's nest of wiring. Now we just need to attach the tentacles to the body and attach the glow wire to the tentacles. The plan is to glue on at intervals little pieces of aquarium tubing and thread the glow wires through that, perhaps with a drop of glue at each end. In the image on the left you can see the wire connectors for the tentacle glow wire coming out of the side of the octavepus body.

### Almost Done!

Finally, we have a taste of what the final product will look like. I attached the head and body to the van, and then hooked on all the tentacles. There is no glow-wire attached to the tentacles yet; I wanted to mount it on the van so that I'll know exactly where the "top" of each tentacle is. Four glow-wire strands will run along the top of each tentacle.

Ellyn even washed the van yesterday in preparation. Well, not really. But the van will be a pain to drive with the octavepus in place.

### Tentacles Wired

After checking the mechanical connection of the tentacles using the van, I disassembled everything, and reassembled it in the house so I could glue the glow wire to the tentacles and test the whole mess out. It seems to work fine, and now I can just mess with it on my dining room table to get better patterns, et cetera.

Maybe I'll do something with the eyes. They show up fine in daylight, but are invisible at night. Maybe some loops of glow wire around them ...

``` Here's code to parse octavepus "music". Each piece of music is just a null-terminated ascii string. Here are the possible commands in the string: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8: color bank identifiers r: random color, different if possible W, H, Q, E, S, T, X: whole, half, quarter, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, 1/64 notes t: tempo r: repeat m: tempo multiplier %: percent time fill \$: percent multiplier (): grouping ,: note separator ~: complement color selection ': morse code All other characters are ignored, so include spaces as desired. On any error, the "song" terminates. If you want a long string, you can break lines. For example: "Q(1,2,3,4)"\ "H(2,3,5,8)" is equivalent to: "Q(1,2,3,4)H(2,3,5,8)" Defaults: t(120) %(100) p(20) -------- Grammar examples: "W(12) H(325) Q() Q(45678)" Play colors 1 and 2 for a whole note, then 3, 2, and 5 for a half note, then a quarter note of darkness, then a quarter note of 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. "Q(1,12,123,,4)" Play 5 quarter notes; first is 1, second is 1 and 2, third is 1, 2, and 3, fourth is nothing, fifth is 4 only. The pattern can begin or end with commas, and multiple commas are OK. "Q(rr) Q(12rrr)" Quarter note with two random colors, then quarter note with 5 colors, two of which are 1 and 2 and the other three are random. Each 'r' makes a call to the random number generator, so "Q(r,r,r)" will flash three quarter notes of one color each. The colors may or may not be the same. "t(132)" Tempo = 132 quarter notes per minute. "m(105)" Multiply tempo by 105%. All arithmetic is done to the nearest integer, so "m(101)" won't affect a tempo of 50, for example. "%(82)" Play every color for 82% of the note time, then 18% off. "\$(80)" This does the same thing for percentage display time as "m" does for tempo. Of course the percentage has an upper limit of 100%. "r(3)({sequence})" Repeat 3 times whatever is in {sequence}. Can be recursive. For example: "r(3)(r(2)(Q(2)H(1))r(4)(Q(r)))" is equivalent to: "Q(2)H(1)Q(2)H(1)Q(r)Q(r)Q(r)Q(r)"\ "Q(2)H(1)Q(2)H(1)Q(r)Q(r)Q(r)Q(r)"\ "Q(2)H(1)Q(2)H(1)Q(r)Q(r)Q(r)Q(r)" "~({pattern})" Invert all the color sets in {pattern}. If you nest it, of course, it undoes the negation, et cetera. For example: "~(Q()~(Q(1)))" Alternates between all colors 1 through 8 and the single color 1. "'{text}'" Display in morse code the text. Each "dit" is an eighth note long and the text can include a-z, A-Z, 0-9, and comma, period, and question-mark. For example: "t(150)'Fuck John Ashcroft'r(10)(X(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1))" "p(50){pattern}" Unless interrupted, repeat {pattern} for 50 seconds. This command can only be used once in any pattern. If it appears more than once, the final call takes precedence. "t(80) %(80) r(25)(Q(1234) Q(5678) m(105))" Set the tempo to 80 quarter notes per minute, display colors for 80% of each note time, then 20% off. Repeat 25 times: show first four colors for a quarter note, then the last four colors for a quarter note, and then speed up by 5%. The sequence is thus repeated 25 times, each time 5% faster than before. Then it returns to the original speed. "W(1)H(2)Q(3)E(4)S(5)T(6)X(78)" Play successive colors faster and faster (speed doubles each time). Show 7 and 8 at once on the last flash. ```